County Statistics


This summary is intended to help stimulate discussion about local trends and educational programming needs for University Extension in Chariton County. For additional information about such trends visit University Extension, Office of Social and Economic Data Analysis at^ggj^gjjfdjj.]BJfj£Mjjajfu or contact your county extension office.

Population and Change The population in Chariton County decreased between 2000 and 2004 by 296 persons (3.5%) to 8,142. During the 1990s, the county decreased in population by 764. The population is expected to remain about the same by 2010 - around 8,155.

Components of Change Since 2000 Chariton County had 202 more deaths than births, and had a net out-migration of 94 people.

Age About 22 percent of Chariton County residents were 65 and older compared with 13.3 percent statewide. At the same time the proportion of young people under 18 in the county (21.1%) was less than the state (24.7%).

Race and Ethnic Diversity The 2003 racial composition of Chariton County population was over 96 percent White. The county included 273 Blacks, 13 Asians and 27 other racial minorities. Additionally, the county included 52 Hispanics.

Place of Residence Estimates for 2004 showed the greatest concentration of population to be in open country areas of the county. Whereas 44.1 percent lived in smaller towns, 55.9 percent lived in open country areas. The largest towns were Salisbury City with 1,635 persons followed by the City of Brunswick (894) and the City of Keytesville (516).

Housing According to Census Bureau estimates there were 4,326 housing units in Chariton County in 2003. The home ownership rate was 80.5 percent compared to 70 percent statewide. The median value of owner-occupied housing units in 2000 was $43,800 compared with a statewide median value of $89,900.

Households and Families As of 2000, there were 3,462 households in the county. About 68 percent of households were families (2,358). About 24 percent of family households were couples with children under 18. These proportions were similar to the state overall. However, Chariton County had less single parent families (4.9%) than Missouri (9.1%).

Families and Children Median family income was $39,176 in Chariton County in 1999 compared with $46,044 for Missouri.
• The percentage of poverty in Chariton County in 2002 (10.7 %) was lower than the state rate (11.3%), and had declined slightly from 11.6 percent in 2000. The poverty rate among children in Chariton County had also increased from 11.4 percent in 2000 to 12.7 percent in 2002, but it remained below the state rate of 15.7 percent.
• Overall Chariton County indicators on children are good ranking the county 6* out of 115 counties in the state. Kids Count indicators for Chariton County show that low birthweight infants increased to 8.1 percent, and births to teenage mothers increased to 23.6 per 1,000 girls. Also, child abuse and neglect cases (30.5 cases per 1,000 for 2003) have continued to stay below the state rate.

Jobs by Sector The May 2005 unemployment rate in the county was 4.8 percent compared with 5.4 percent statewide. There were 5,082 jobs in Chariton County in 2003. Farm employment accounted for more than 24.7 percent of the total jobs (1,254). Retail trade (596), Local government (426) and Construction (390) were the next highest categories. Employment in Professional and technical services was under represented relative to the state. **• **

Agriculture There were 1,095 farms in the county with total sales of about $65.9 million and production expenses of about $50.9 million generating about $14.9 million in net farm income. About 13.8 percent of all farms in the county had sales of $100,000 or more. About 48 percent had less then $10,000 in sales.

County Income Patterns Chariton County generated over $198.2 million of total personal income in 2003. The per capita income in the county was $24,087 compared with $29,464 for Missouri. The largest percentages of income by industry sector came from manufacturing (5.8%). Also important were Retail trade (5.6 %), Local government (5.5%) and Wholesale trade (5 %). Sources of income other than earnings are important to Chariton County. "Dividends, interest and rent" amounted to $41.2 million of total personal income. Transfer payments, including social security, amount to $47.6 million-about 24 percent of total personal income.

Commuting In Chariton County about 42 percent of county workers commuted outside their home county to work. Statewide, 25 percent of workers traveled between 30 and 60 minutes to work; in Chariton County 21 percent traveled the same amount of time. On the other hand, less than 7 percent of Chariton County workers traveled more than 60 minutes to work compared with 5.4 percent statewide.

Educational Attainment In Chariton County about 11 percent of residents (674) were college graduates compared with 21.6 percent statewide. An additional 1,181 residents in Chariton County had some college education (20%) compared with 27 percent of all Missourians. At the same time, the high school graduation rate in Chariton County (94.7%) was higher than the state (85.5%).

Disabilities There were 984 (56.9%) persons age 65 and older in the county who reported having a disability in 2000. The corresponding Missouri rate was 55.3 percent. Among the working age population in Chariton County, 582 reported some work disability—a rate of 12.1 percent compared to a state rate of 10.8 percent.

Health Status Indicators Over 16 percent of Chariton County residents reported their health was "fair or poor" compared with 16.9 percent statewide. While 12.3 percent of Missourians reported having no health coverage, the percent without coverage in Chariton County was estimated to be 15.7 percent. State health data indicated a relatively high rate of current smokers (33.1%) compared to the state (26.5%) but a lower rate of high cholesterol in persons 35 years and older (34.1%) compared to the state (37.3%).

Age-adjusted Mortality There were no county age-adjusted mortality rates (deaths per 100,000 cases) significantly higher than the state.